Web Design: Learn About the Important Practices Used Across the Net

Web design is the practice of organizing content so it makes sense for users. This involves developing low and high fidelity wireframes, designing layouts and keeping user experience foremost in mind when developing websites.


HTML serves as the core foundation for all websites, enabling visitors to browse web pages online. It defines structural semantics by notating text blocks, images, and other elements with tags written between angle brackets (, and >). Furthermore, it facilitates user input through form> tags which collect or provide feedback information.

HTML is case-insensitive and supports 142 different elements, including headers, paragraphs, lists, links, quotes, tables and frames. Each element has an ID or class that allows for assignment of formatting through CSS or JavaScript later on.

HTML combined with Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) and JavaScript helps create responsive designs. Responsive designs enable websites to have different layouts depending on the size of a user’s screen or browser. As soon as a browser or screen reaches its narrowest point, responsive design kicks in and the layout collapses into an accessible format for users with less technical knowledge to create pages that function.


CSS (Cascading Style Sheets) is the language and files modern web developers use to design the backgrounds, colors, spacing and layouts viewers see when visiting websites. This provides more customization and flexibility than HTML alone and forms the basis of many tools designed to reduce development time and ensure cross-browser compatibility.

CSS cascades through all elements of a webpage to control its formatting, from changing font and font size to how the layout of pages are laid out and using display attributes like linking colors or full screen images or lists for display purposes. As its name implies, it can control all aspects of text formatting such as font size and font placement as well as changing display attributes that could display them differently such as how they’re laid out or whether an entire list or image page should appear instead.

Before CSS was developed, all presentational details in an HTML document had to be explicitly described within each tag itself – meaning attributes like font color, background style, element alignments and borders had to be repeated on every page. With CSS however, designers can move much of this styling information into an external style sheet (.css file), creating cleaner and simpler HTML.


JavaScript, first developed in 1995 (source: serves as the cornerstone of most websites today. It enables web developers to add interactivity and functionality using dynamic programming techniques, while simultaneously making user interactions with websites more intuitive by tracking user input; for instance when clicking a search box immediately receives suggested results instead of having to wait for pages to reload.

HTML and CSS form the backbone of most web pages, but they have their limitations. In order to achieve more complex things, developers may require accessing additional front end languages like JavaScript for more complex development work.

JavaScript is one of the more complex front end languages and powers much of the interactivity you encounter on web pages. It’s what gives websites their intelligence and responsiveness – such as underlining typos in blog posts, animating images or prompting pop-up windows when users click buttons.

Mobile Design

Mobile Design’s aim is to create websites that are easily accessible on mobile devices. This involves making them fast to load, using features such as larger touch targets, thumb-friendly navigation and scrollable interfaces that facilitate use on these devices, and minimizing cognitive load through keeping information simple while clearly labeling important elements.

As mobile users tend to have limited bandwidth and processing power, it is crucial that when designing mobile products you take this into consideration. To reduce loading times, try to limit HTTP requests, compress images, use lazy loading (where website content is loaded incrementally based on its importance), as well as testing your product with real users to ensure it works across various phones and devices.


UX (user experience) design is the practice of developing products to meet user needs and expectations, including research, analysis, planning, prototyping, user testing evaluation and iteration. The goal is to make life simpler for users in terms of accomplishing tasks more quickly, something a professional can do – but you can view website of one, today. User experience is very important, so you don’t want to leave it on the hook.

Web designers specialize in the look and layout of websites. This involves crafting color schemes, designing buttons and interface elements, organizing content according to categories or subcategories, meeting accessibility requirements and standards as well as being familiar with software such as Adobe’s Creative Cloud for designing.

Graphic design is an area of visual arts that employs digital technology to produce images and documents for print or online media, such as logos, icons and other graphics. Typography such as fonts used for text or headlines may also fall within this field of design. Graphic designers must understand web page resolution and density requirements as well as creating images for multiple platforms (mobile phones vs desktop computers).