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The Basics of Creating a Professional Website

The chances are that you know about WordPress and other content management system software. Seeing those and learning how easy those are to interact with, and build a website from all the themes and plugins, you might probably think web development is as easy as making a pie.

Well, actually it depends. Yes, with such thematic software, you might create a fantastic website from tens of thousands of themes, thousands of plugins. Still, remember that this theme-based software is itself the result of a framework. For instance, the themes we see at WordPress are built on different frameworks, and many of the frameworks have been created to create a WordPress child theme. We will get back to these later on.

3 Basics of Creating Websites

First, let’s learn the 3 components or services you need to start a website. 

  1. Website name and address – registration a domain name is most important since that’s going to be the name of your  website. The domain address is the one you type on the browser to go to a particular website, typically ending with – .com, .org, .edu, .net, .info, etc. There are plenty of companies to choose from when buying a domain name, just do your research and get the best one for your site. 
  2. A Web Hosting Service –  where your website will be stored and will dispatch the site when a browser request for it. Numerous companies around the world have set up servers and rent spaces in them through web hosting plans. Such services also come with a File Transfer Protocol for your website, the system through which you upload contents, files, etc. on the site. So, we are not mentioning it separately.
  3. Website Design – The interface, the functionality everything you see, click, and use on a website are part of its designing. While others, you just pay and purchase a plan, in the designing, you should be involved directly as your audience will know you through it.

Web Designing

There are 2 ways a developer designs the website, using a content management system like Joomla, WordPress, Drupal, etc. or Frameworks like Laravel, CodeIgniter, and Zend.

CMS Vs. Framework

CMS or Content Management System was developed to aid in building websites for blogs mainly. CMS consists of many modules inside a theme, and also comes with an administrative panel. All the modules are editable, and one does not need to learn a programming language to use the CMS. However, there are many limitations here. As these are made based on opensource, there are significant security vulnerabilities. Also, being module-based limits editing flexibility and responsiveness.

On the other hand, frameworks are actually an environment designed to establish a predefined rule and interface so that it contains the necessary code entries, debugger, etc. to make coding easier.

Yes, for using frameworks, one needs to know the programming language and how to code. Since everything here is from scratch, the developer has all the freedom to make its security top-notch, design in any way they like without limitations.

Front End vs. Backend

You most probably have heard these words several times. Simply put, Front End means the interface or screen as we see it. The functionalities of the interface are made possible, responsive through the coding in the Backend.

The UX or User Experience is a part of the front end. At the same time, the logic and data of the programming language remain in the Backend. HTML, CSS, JavaScript are used to design the front end. Tools like Adobe XD, Muse, frameworks like Vue.js React, Bootstrap, etc. are used for front end designing. Programming Languages PHP, Ruby, Python, Java, and frameworks like Node.js, .Net, Django, Laravel, etc. comes to use for backend programming.

These are the most critical aspects of starting and maintaining a website that you should focus on to do it right!