A background check verifies the identity of an individual and allows for someone to check criminal records, education, and employment history, and other past activities. There are many instances in which a background check is needed such as applying for housing, employment, or purchasing weapons.
There are different types of background checks depending on the situation. An employment background check looks into a candidate’s work history, education, credit history, driving, criminal, and medical records, social media activity and drug screening.
A criminal background check is used in a situation that requires knowledge of major criminal activity. The check includes record searches of national criminal databases, sex offender registries, county criminal courts, terrorist watch lists, and federal and state criminal records.
A basic background check provides identity verification, national criminal database check, and national sex offender search. Landlords and property managers use tenant background checks to verify a candidate’s identity and if there are any problems in past records. Typically landlords look at county or state criminal records as well as the sex offender registry check.
Often they check for credit history, employment history, and proof of income to determine the ability to pay rent. References from previous landlords and eviction history may also be requested.
There are many regulations placed on the background screening industry at the federal, state, and local levels. Background checks are federally regulated by the Fair Credit Reporting Act and Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. When it comes to employment screening, companies are required to notify candidates that the results are used for hiring, promoting, and retention.
The goal of any background check is to provide a positive identity on the person in question. In order to do this, a screening will require full name, date of birth, social security number, and past and current addresses. Depending on the background check, additional information like names of relatives, phone numbers, and driver’s license number.
Background check best in class data services from GoLookUp gives instant access to real time data. Their services provide reports for criminal records and court records, marriage and divorce records, unclaimed money records, and social information. Users of GoLookUp can access millions of online public database searches and find data about people, phone numbers, addresses, and neighborhoods.
There are numerous factors that can contribute to someone failing a background test. Conviction of a crime relevant to a job’s responsibilities can end in job denial. Jobs with high security clearance disqualify candidates with criminal backgrounds. Bad credit history can be seen negatively by some employers, especially in finance. Embellished credentials and experience damages a candidate’s credibility and could raise questions of fraud.
Social media background checks allow one to delve into the social activity of an individual. Some employers decline candidates who have posts or photos that show aggressive, violent, unlawful, discriminatory, or explicit activity. As with other background checks, the FCRA requires a copy of the results be provided to candidates.
In an employment situation, employers are required to notify candidates if they have been denied in any way based on the background check. The applicant is sent a pre-adverse action letter informing them that there is something negative on the screening that impacts hireability.
Since there is always a possibility of someone having a common name or misspelling, an employer may be willing to allow a candidate the chance to explain any issues appearing on the background check. If after reviewing the full picture and making a final decision, companies are required to send a “Notice of Adverse Action,” letting the candidate know that their background information negatively impacted the decision.