Users of the Magento eCommerce platform can now enjoy a better structure of coding and database design. These features are found on the new updated version, Magento 2. Because Magento 1 will no longer be receiving support, many people are now considering shifting to the latest updated version. However, not many people can successfully conduct this migration. That’s why we have written this guide. We’ll explain which steps individuals should follow to migrate from Magento 1-Magento2 successfully.
Before you begin shifting, there are some things which one should do. These include:
Backing up data in the Magento 1 store, including folders and files.
Creating a clone of your store on this previous version and migrating this database. Also, don’t use the live store when migrating.
Store analysis, to keep what’s essential and get rid of what’s not. If there is any old or useless database including logs or compared products, ensure that you clear them.
Checking theme, extensions and custom compatibility in both versions.
It’s advisable that you use the same hosting server where your store was previously located when migrating.
Individuals follow four steps when upgrading to Magento 2:
1. Theme Migration
The best thing about this new version is that it comes with new technologies and methods to help improve user shopping experience to both merchants and their customers. Entrepreneurs can enhance their stores by using new updated Magento 2 themes. But you can still use the same themes as on your previous versions. However, you should ensure that they are compatible with Magento 2 standards. Also, note that you can’t migrate themes from Magento 1-2. Therefore, one will create a new theme in their updated version and ensure that it is user responsive. However, individuals can avoid this by purchasing and installing a Magento 2 theme from reputable sources or Magento Marketplace.
2. Extension Migration
Extensions offer new useful features hence improving user experience on your store. They’re thus important in your Magento store. In this step, individuals install the extensions of their liking on this new version. Updated Magento 2 extensions are available on this e-commerce marketplace. Not that Magento 1 extensions won’t work on this new version. Therefore, if you try integrating them, one will experience serious compatibility problems. We advise that one uses only relevant extensions available on the 2 version. However, Magento e-commerce developers are still working on improving the compatibility of extensions of these two versions.
Often, the custom code in both 1 and 2 versions is compatible. Fortunately, users are offered a toolkit for Code Migration which makes this process easy. But remember that because these two platforms are structurally different, it may take some time and effort to integrate this code on the new version.
4. Data Migration
This is the main step which involves a lot of manual work. Individuals migrate store settings and data from Magento 1 to 2. Luckily, this company offers a Data Migration Tool to make this process easy. With this tool, one can quickly move data and settings in their new versions using CLI commands. The data migration tool makes shifting crucial data that is, categories, orders, settings, configurations as well as products, easy. It transfers the whole data from your store’s database using different rules as defined in the XML files. However, this tool only migrates settings and data. But individuals can’t use it for migrating custom code, extensions, themes and other customization codes.
Individuals install this Data Migration Tool using Composer on their Magento 2 store. But you’ll have to ensure that the tool and Magento 2 store versions are similar. For instance, those using Magento version v2.1.1 should install a Data Migration Tool version v2.1.1. From there, one runs a series of commands to migrate settings.
Once you’re through with the migration, it’s wise that you test run it to ensure that the process was successful. Now note that although this process is tiring and somehow complicated, it’s necessary as you’ll enjoy updated features on your store. Plus, Magento 1 version will not receive any updates in future. So, it is better that you have your store on this updated platform. If these steps are too complicated for you, one can always hire an expert for a hassle-free migration.